Construction of landfill and illegal dumping spots. So much so that soil becomes polluted and trees and plants do not even grow in such a part. In addition, rainwater can wash the chemicals used by farmers into water sources, which end up in soil far away from the site. Any soil pollution introduction must describe the different types of soil pollution. Soil Pollution: Among the many other types of pollution, soil pollution or land pollution is the next … Categorized study of pollution helps to understand the basics in more detail and produce protocols for the specific types. Recycling and re-use for the protection of soil is very important. Chemical compost used in agricultural work, litter and dirt also badly pollute the soil. There are three major types of soil pollution. Considering the far-reaching effects of soil pollution, control over it is absolutely necessary. Wreckage from mining is put in a nearby place. google_ad_width = 300; These compounds are mainly formed through soil microbial activity and decomposition of organisms (e.g., … Large amount of electronic waste production. Soil Pollution S.Keerthanan BS-1121 EU/IS/2009/BS/97 2. The garbage from the factories should be sent to the purifying plants first and they should be immersed only after proper treatment. Due to soil pollution because of the world’s largest chromite mines in Sukinda of Odisha in India, the lives of the people in this city has become jeopardized. Humans are also affected in numerous ways either directly or indirectly. All soils, whether polluted or unpolluted, contain a variety of compounds (contaminants) which are naturally present. are major soil pollutants. Soil Erosion – (wind erosion, water erosion, mechanical erosion and so on)A partial or complete loss of the top fertile layer of soil (the soil layer with minerals and organic matter in it). Soil erosion should be prevented by banning forest erosion and adopting soil conservation systems to protect its nutrients. Along with the other countries, thousands of hectares of agricultural land in many parts of India have lost their fertility through the constant use of chemical fertilizers. Soil Contamination – (chemical contamination by fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides, hazardous waste from industry & residential sectors etc. Roads and places where debris is deployed. What on earth is not polluted? The use of potash and phosphorus is decreasing and the use of urea is increasing. Due to leaks from pipes and gutters, pollutants also go into the soil and spread pollution. The toxin has to be man-made, rather than natural. Leakage from pipes being used to transmit oil to the refining plants by the tanks being made for underground oil storage. The use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers has increased for cultivating more crops and these pollutants are making the soil poisonous and in many places the soil has become dead due to excessive use of it. Urban wastes 3. As is well known, food is produced from the earth, which is the basic need of human beings. Chernobyl in Ukraine is remembered for the world’s largest nuclear power accident. Accidents arising during mining activities such as accidents due to accident from oil wells, expansion of oil on land, or during the mining activity for obtaining uranium etc. Once soil contamination migrates to waterways, it may also accumulate in sediments, which can be very difficult to remediate and may affect local ecosystems and human health. In the chemical and nuclear power plants, a large amount of waste is released continuously and due to the absence of proper arrangements for their storage and disposal, these substances pollute the soil. Contamination is correlated with the degree of industrialization and intensity of chemical substance. Industrial and agricultural chemicals are the common pollutants contaminating the soil. The pollution of soil is a common thing these days, and it happens due to the presence of man made elements. Soil pollution is defined as, “contamination of soil by human and natural activities which may cause harmful effect on living organisms”. Types of Soil Pollution. The use of unbalanced manure causes the soil to become diseased. Humans can be harmed by contact with toxic and hazardous materials on a contaminated site via exposure to contaminated land, air, surface water, and ground water. window._taboola = window._taboola || []; Soil pollution is a disruptive element for many biological resources and ecosystems. China’s Linfen City’s land has been polluted due to excessive coal mining and pollution of toxic chemicals like arsenic in the soil. According to agricultural scientists, this is happening due to the damage done to the top soil of the soil. The land of Kabai in southern African country Zambia was severely damaged by heavy metals pollution in the year 1987. In addition to the soil, humans and animals living around these landfill sites are greatly harmed. Producers of fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, pharmaceuticals produce a lot of solid and liquid waste. Soil provides support and nutrients for plant growth. Any undesirable change in the physical, chemical or biological properties of the soil, which is harmful to environment, living organisms and plants, is called ‘soil pollution’. These wastes affect the soil structure by being blocked in it for long periods. Where there is a will there is a way essay, Ocean Dumping: Meaning, Causes Effects and Solutions, How can students help save the environment. Due to polluted soil, there is an adverse effect on the yield of crops too. There can be many types of land degradation.Some of the major types are: 1. /* India Celebrating_300*250_New */ Air Pollution. Through the rain water, pollutants present in the air descend on the ground which ultimately results into polluting the soil. An example of natural soil pollution is the accumulation of compounds containing the perchlorate anion (ClO 4 – ) in some dry, arid ecosystems. Passionate about journalism and the other areas of communications, he has extensively written on a wide range of topics and issues for India’s leading publications. //-->. Man is polluting this natural resource from his activities, which is affecting the soil fertility. A Master in Mass Communication from GJU and Bachelor of Arts from University of Delhi, he has also handled desks, besides contributing to regular columns at various journalistic organisations. Often, chemical fertilizers like lead, mercury and arsenic containing organic compounds are used in the crops. The direct effect of polluted soil is on the health of men and animals. The soil is the wealth of the farmers; its deprivation of properties is not only a loss to farmers but to the country’s economy, human health, organisms, and vegetation too. In the place of chemical fertilizers, the fundamental properties of soil should be strengthened by adopting Integrated Plant Nutrient Management. It adversely affects human nutrition and crop production and productivity, and the quality and utility of soil. Soil pollution is caused by the presence of man-made chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. In La Oroia in Peru, the soil has been polluted due to excessive mining of lead, copper and zinc. With the amount of waste human continue to produce, with the addition of many other factors, soil pollution is a serious and growing problem. Soil is an important natural resource on Earth that is essential to run the life of humankind and animals by producing vegetation, grains and other natural substances required for food and living. Soil, like climate, is also a natural resource, which provides food and living to the creatures/animals. Even the newborn babies and infants take birth with many types of physical inefficiency due to this phenomenon. Each type of soil pollution causes different effects on the ground and can permanently damage the land for future use. There is a need to make stringent rules for reducing soil pollution and preventing it completely. They do not exist naturally in the environment and are synthesized due to the activities of mankind. Fly ash is a major source of pollution surrounding the industrial area. Land pollution is the destruction or decline in quality of the earth’s land surfaces in … Let us take into the accounts some statistics. By polluting the soil, in a way, we are destroying the foundation of the food chain. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});