Certain chemicals, such as ethylene and acetylene, accelerate the natural processes inside fruits and allow them to ripe in a short period of time. The natural ethylene in the fruits makes them ripen, so that they are ready to eat by the time you buy them. The most commonly used chemical is called ethephon (2-chloroethylphosphonic acid). Ethylene: A very small concentration of ethylene in air is sufficient to promote the fruit ripening process. The use of artificial ripening agents on apples poses a big threat to this industry. People of Kashmir are continuously using the Ethephon and other chemicals that too in higher concentrations than recommended one and the illegal trade is going on despite the government’s ban on its sale. This process is irreversible and leads towards what is called senescence. It is explosive and studies have shown that it breaks down the organic composition of vitamins and other micronutrients. This time the use of artificial ripening agents may prove more disastrous for the growers as the markets would not accommodate the fruits in bulks and secondly such fruits could not be stored any longer. As the majority of people in Kashmir belong to Muslim community and as Muslims we should not turn away from the basic teachings of Islam and must stand with the truth and righteousness to safeguard the wellbeing of human civilization. However, no effective action plan has been devised to implement it. But this alone can’t resolve the issue unless mass awareness is raised among farmers, sellers, and consumers regarding the health hazards associated with such chemicals. In nature fruits ripen after attainment of proper maturity by a sequence of physiological and biochemical events and the process is irreversible. Another compound that is used regularly is calcium carbide, which produces acetylene, which is an analogue of ethylene. Fruit treated with 1000 ppm shows over ripening but control fruits shows slight change in firmness of fruit where as 1000 and 500 ppm treated fruits shows high firmness change. Farmers and vendors often use artificial ripening agents to control the rate of fruit ripening. If the use of such chemicals continues in Kashmir and the government does not take strict measures to ban the sale and spray of such chemicals, the time is not far when our fruit industry will collapse and people will witness a huge economic setback. Based on the respiratory pattern and ethylene biosynthesis during ripening, fruits have been classified either as “climacteric” or “nonclimacteric”. E-mail: ukbhattarai21@hotmail.com. Food and health security must be the top most priority of any Government towards its citizens. Food safety and health security should be top concerns of any Government for its citizens. Artificial ripening is the process by which ripening is controlled to achieve desired characteristics intended for better consumer acceptance and improving sales. Hence they have to be artificially ripened. It is used in artificial ripening of fruits like mango, banana, apricot, papaya and plum. This year the situation seems to be grimmer because of the frequent Covid-19 related lockdowns. It includes fruits such as lemons, orange, grape, cherry, pineapple, strawberry etc. Even if the appearance of the artificially ripened fruits improve, the properties like taste, smell, and touch are found to be weak. They don’t wait for them to ripen naturally. Secondary Institute Brath Kalan Sopore and can be reached at showketahmad88030@gmail.com, Your email address will not be published. Ethephon treated fruit shows higher increase in sugar content compared to control. How is artificial ripening of fruits done ?? Unfortunately, farmers have been using artificial ripening agents on fruits and vegetables to induce artificial ripening in them. Other symptoms include throat sores, cough, wheezing and shortness of breath. The said pesticide adversely affects the health of plant/quality of fruit/shelf life and also has harmful effects on the human health. However, even today, it has been found that fruit and vegetable vendors in India use chemicals to ripen up the fruits and vegetables. In artificial ripening, this process is mimicked using chemicals. People consume fruits, ripened with hazardous chemicals like calcium carbide which pose great health risks to the population. The most commonly used chemical is called ethephon (2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid). The authorities had accorded sanction to the imposition of restrictions on the sale of Ethephon 39% SL and 10% paste and ban on its use on apple crop in the J&K State. Pregnant women particularly need to be very careful and should not consume such fruits and vegetables. Fruits are a good source of vitamins and minerals, and play an essential role in preventing vitamin C and vitamin A deficiencies. ARTIFICIAL RIPENING OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES R. B. HARVEY The ripening of fruits and vegetables after storage is a process that has long been in use and that has shown many commercial advantages, since it effectively lengthens the season during which fruits may be kept without canning. Ripening can be induced by abscisic acid, specifically the process of sucrose accumulation as well as color acquisition and firmness. There are apprehensions among the growers and the trading agents regarding the trade of apple from Kashmir to different states of India and abroad. According to studies, calcium carbide can also affect the neurological system by inducing prolonged hypoxia. The use of artificial ripening agents on apples poses a big threat to this industry.The consumers don’t consider apples safe for their health and are reluctant in consuming such fruits. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has banned calcium carbide under the Prevention of Food Adulteration (PFA) Act, 1954. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. • They do this by repressing genes involved in cell modification and anthocyanin synthesis. Calcium carbide, when hydrolysed, produces acetylene, which causes artificial ripening of fruits. Besides the early snowfall in November 2019 also proved to be a big setback to fruit industry. “A detailed report received from SKUAST-K had revealed that by use of such ripening agent, the quality of the crop gets deteriorated; as such the fruits cannot be stored for longer periods. In Kashmir, farmers have also resorted to induce artificial ripening in fruits so that they could send them in markets much earlier, to get good returns for their fruits. to achieve faster and uniform ripening characteristics. In Kashmir, The fruit Industry had already witnessed  huge losses in  2008, 2010, 2016 due to the frequent  uprisings and shutdowns. The best course will be to allow them to ripen on the plant/tree itself. Artificial ripening is done to achieve faster and more uniform ripening characteristics. These enzymes convert complex polysaccharides into simple sugars and make the skin of the fruits soft. The health benefits of fruits depend on how they are ripened. Keeping all such challenges in view, the Jammu and Kashmir Horticulture Department has recently come up with a strong advisory for the orchardists not to use any artificial ripening agents on their apples which has been appreciated by general public. The consumers don’t consider apples safe for their health and are reluctant in consuming such fruits. The most commonly used chemical for artificial ripening is Calcium Carbide, a greyish-white organic compound with a garlic-like odour. In May 2017, secretary horticulture department had issued a ban order in view of wide range of harmful effects of Ethephon on fruit plants/human health. * Though fruits may appear ripe, yet the inner core is sour. The studies have shown that the consumption of artificially ripened Apples can upset stomach. Besides, it changes only the skin colour: the fruit remains raw inside. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. A review of different articles related to artificial ripening was done. Ethephon, 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid, is one of the most commonly used plant growth regulators. Ethylene helps in the ripening of fruits after they are picked. • It penetrates into the fruit and decomposes ethylene. The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends five servings of fruits and vegetables every day for a healthy living. Your email address will not be published. It is a high time to respond to the advisories of the state Horticulture Department and other health experts so that we could  sustain our heritage for the longer times. Focus was given on the hazards and applications of calcium carbide for artificial. Most of the times, fruits and vegetables need to be transported over long distances, farmers harvest them much before they get ripe. Some of them, who spoke with NAN, said that they were aware of its health hazards and would not indulge in it. It is, however, fraught with several problems. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Fruits generally keep better if they are picked before they are mature. The increasing practice of artificial fruit ripening worldwide is predicted to drive the global market of fruit ripening agents. For instance, in the United States, the National Organic Standard Board (NOSB) recommends the use of ethylene for post-harvest ripening of tropical fruits and de-greening of citruses. Fruit ripening process can also be stimulated by applying artificial fruit ripening agents. Meanwhile, fruits dealers/sellers in Makurdi, the Benue capital, have also claimed that they do not indulge in artificial ripening of fruits. Also, industrial-grade calcium carbide is often found contaminated with trace amounts of arsenic and phosphorus, which are toxic chemicals. By ripening the kaki with a carbon dioxide atmosphere, the improved flavour of the ripe fruit can be achieved while maintaining the solidity of the unripened fruit. However, a chemical known as Calcium Carbide (CaC2) is most commonly used for artificial ripening of fruits. Tag: artificial ripening of fruits. It damages the mucosal tissue in the stomach and disrupts the intestinal function. Ethylene is a hormone that is produced naturally and is the most important ripening agent. The authorities had said that as per the major uses of pesticides, registered under the Insecticides Act, 1968, its use has been restricted to certain fruits and is not recommended for apple. Many factors influence the process of ripening, including temperature and relative humidity. 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Wash the test fruit with 10mLof water; Take 1mL of the wash and mix with equal volume of sensor solution in a glass test tube and mix. Artificial ripening is the process by which ripening is controlled to achieve desired characteristics intended for better consumer acceptance and improving sales. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6007557618cc3248 After proper maturity, fruits ripen in nature by using many physical and biochemical events. – The writer is a teacher at Govt. However, we do not know that these fruits, vegetables, and food products available in the market today, which we are consuming daily to boost our immune system, are really safe. The agent that is used for artificial ripening is known as calcium carbide. The need for artificial fruit ripening is often encountered when fruit-sellers offer fruits to customers before due season. Moreover the religious preachers and scholars must come forward and tell people about the ruling of different religions regarding the use of such poisonous chemicals on fruits and vegetables. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Media, lawmakers, researchers, and technology experts can also play a vital role in this respect. We should prove our faith by not resorting to any kind of unfair means to make money. Need for artificial ripening. . The symptoms of arsenic and phosphorous poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea with/without blood, weakness, burning sensation in the chest and abdomen, thirst, the problem in swallowing, burning of eyes, permanent eye damage, ulcers on the skin, mouth, nose and throat. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said – “Khairun nas man yanfa`un nas” (The Best Amongst Mankind is One Who Benefits Humanity). However, ripening, in general, is a physiological process which makes the fruit edible, palatable and nutritious. The mostly used compound Ethephon, if used continuously year after year, may render the tree unproductive and also reduce the economic life of the plant. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Ripening agents play an important role during the ripening of fruits. It was recommended that the sale of the said pesticide (Ethephon 39% SL and 10% paste) may be restricted in apple growing areas. Ethylene treated fruits consumed immediately after the application results in dehydration due to its diarrheal properties. -Its Application and Hazards. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. This can be used to prove whether the fruits were ripened using calcium carbide. According to P.K Shetty, the following simple and cost-effective procedure has been suggested to detect artificial ripening of fruits. Artiicial ripening is the process by which ripening is controlled to achieve desired characteristics intended for better consumer acceptance and improving sales.It is generally done for climacteric fruits such as mango, papaya, banana, etc. The traders then ripen them artificially at the destination using specific chemicals. It causes symptoms like headache, dizziness, high sleepiness, memory loss, cerebral oedema, numbness in the legs and hands, general weakness, cold and damp skin, low blood pressure and seizure. It is generally done for climacteric fruits such as mango, papaya, banana, etc. The practice of artificial ripening is carried out in many countries, using different protocols that often involve the use of selected agents and selected types of fruits. For the sake of our future generations we must adopt humanistic approach and should strive for every possible means to protect our fruit industry for our future generations. to achieve faster and uniform ripening characteristics. In spite of having strict laws and acts, the inclination towards the use of artificial ripening agents is dominant among farmers and the vendors in Kashmir. It penetrates into the fruit and decomposes ethylene. People who eat fruits as part of an overall healthy diet generally have a reduced risk of chronic diseases. Identification of artificially ripened fruits: Fruits artificially ripened by calcium carbide can be identified as: * Fruits are uniformly coloured but not very attractive. (Vila, 2003). * The aroma of the fruit is mild with fair firmness. Sometimes the fruits are not yet ripe when they are ready to be sold. The most commonly used chemical is called ethephon (2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid). They should educate the masses that we as the human beings should not put the lives of others in danger merely for our little gains and must never let the children of others to consume what we don’t like for ours to. Your IP: 88.198.145.162 Hence farmers in fruit orchards pluck the fruits raw. Bhattarai and Kshitij Shrestha. In artificial ripening, this process is mimicked using chemicals. Other than the Calcium Carbide following Chemicals are in common practice in artificially ripening of the fruits: When fruits are artificially ripened, they are assisted by the usage of ethylene gas. They don’t wait for them to ripen naturally. It penetrates the fruit and decomposes ethylene. Anyone using it can be imprisoned for three years along with a fine of Rs 1,000. Fruit ripening is a natural process in which a fruit goes through various physical and chemical changes and gradually becomes sweet, colored, soft, and palatable. To make sure the fruits look and taste appealing for the customer, they are often subjected to the process of artificial ripening. In order to avoid economic loss, fruit sellers sometimes prefer collecting fruits before they are fully ripe, and artificially ripen fruits before selling to the consumers. Some of our farmers and vendors have joined the world of artificial ripening of fruits and vegetables with the use of chemical agents. The fruits become soft, change in color, and develop characteristic aroma and flavor, with an increase in sugar level and reduction in acid content. Beware of Artificial Ripening in Fruits . But still, most of the fruit sellers use Chemicals like Calcium carbide for ripening the fruits. Required fields are marked *. Nutritionists advise to include fruits and vegetables in our daily diet to improve our immune system. The industrial grade carbide gas popularly known as ‘masala’ is often used by some unscrupulous traders to release acetylene gas for artificial ripening of fruits Image credit- shutterstock.com Natural fruit ripening is a combination of physiological, biochemical, and molecular processes. Ask for details ; Follow Report by WhizaSweetyanga7n 19.01.2017 Log in to add a comment Year 2019 was no exception, it was a peak season of apple harvesting when whole Jammu and Kashmir witnessed complete lockdown post abrogation of Article 370 and 35A and  the growers could not sell their fruits in markets. They spray chemicals either on fruit trees or directly on fruits after plucking them down to induce artificial ripening in them. It is not even recommended for use on apple by the Registering Authority. Another chemical that is regularly used is calcium carbide, which produces acetylene, which is an analog of ethylene. Ethylene is a natural, safe and necessary phytohormone for ripening. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The effect of artificial ripening has become questionable because of various health-related issues. However, a chemical known as Calcium Carbide (CaC2) is most commonly used for artificial ripening of fruits. The fruit ripening chemical was also banned by the state government in Kashmir in 2017, following reports of its ill-effects on both the fruit as well as the human beings. Controlling the CO 2 atmospheric concentrations is also used for many oranges and citrus fruits where it can help change the colour of the fruit from an unappetising green to orange without impacting the flavour. In artificial ripening, this process is mimicked using chemicals. Unfortunately, farmers have been using artificial ripening agents on fruits and vegetables to induce artificial ripening in them. The horticulture department had requested the SKUAST-K to examine the issue and advice on its effects. Even no unified policy on fruit cultivation, preservation, and distribution exists within SAARC countries. If a person is exposed to the chemicals for a long time, they can cause peptic ulcers. In non-climacteric fruits, auxins act to inhibit ripening. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. It is generally carried out on climacteric fruits so there is uniform ripening. There are various synthetic analogs of ethylene available on a large scale. Calcium carbide, when hydrolysed, produces acetylene, which causes artificial ripening of fruits. Many factors influence the process of ripening, including temperature and relative humidity. Director, law enforcement, agriculture production department had also reported that the pesticide (Ethephon) is mostly being used for ripening of apple. Artificial fruit ripening is the process by which ripening is controlled to attain desired characteristics intentionally for better consumer acceptance and increasing sales. Fruits are picked when underripe and are ripened at their destination markets before going on sale. Use of Calcium Carbide for Artificial Ripening of Fruits. Artificial ripening Ripe fruits cannot be stored and transported for a long time. Therefore, Ethephon treated fruits are not recommended for consumption immediately after its application,” the order issued had said. Abstract The rapid ripening of fruits by gases of incomplete combustion—the so-called bivalent compounds—has been known for ages; long ago the Chinese used incense fumes to ripen pears. In case of artificial ripening, fruit ripening agents like ethylene and acetylene promote the ripening process and cause color changes in the fruits. 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